first of all I think that the identity of the nations in general has been changing because of the globalization, wich make that some characteristics that in one time belong to one nation, today we can seeit in several parts of the world.
the identity of chileans in particular and the Latin Americans in general are condition by the colonialism, this is why I think that maybe in this country sometimes is difficult find our own identity, because we are a mix of many cultures, like the spanish, the natives, and today we are also influenced by the north american culture. but maybe we can see this mix of cultures like the essence of our, maybe Chile is just that.
but maybe the most awful about our identity is that we try to live like the biggest countries, like France or England, and we forget about what's really ours, the native culture. in the time of the colonialism many native groups who lived in this country were exterminated, and just a few ones remain, like the mapuche people, that are ours inmediated relatives, but we think that we are better that them and so we treat them.
I think the most of the chileans are socially ambicious and they look to native persons like if were less just because they are natives, but they don't see that mapuches are a very important part of our identity, not just of our genetic but our history too. they were one of the few (or maybe the only) native group that fougth with the colonizer and resist for many many years, and not just that, they were capable of cause several looses in the enemy. but in stead of treat them with respect we create laws that make them terrorist, when all they do is try to fight for what is right, the right to live in the land that belong to them.
I think taht if we aprecciate more our roots (like others Latin Americans countries does) maube we can have a more strong identity, and we were not just a county who want to be like others.